KGB Documents

KGB against diaspora in the West

The politicians and cultural workers who emigrated from the Baltic States in the post-war years vigorously expressed the idea of liberating the Baltic States in various governmental and international institutions and the media. Those people did not recognise the soviet power in the occupied Baltic States. Emigrants’ support of unarmed resistance, political prisoners and their families in the occupied countries disconcerted the authorities. A struggle against the political activities of emigrant organisations went on from the very beginning of the Soviet regime in the Baltic States, however, a more organised struggle against these countries began during the détente period and when contacts between the locals and the emigrants were more frequently made because then more possibilities were raised to carry out their clandestine activities in the West. Agency, whispering and propaganda campaigns were directed against the most important emigrant organisations of the emigrants from the Baltic States and the most vigorous campaigns that they mounted.

The KGB sought not only to obtain more information about Baltic countries Diasporas and their political activities but also to do harm to them by compromising, slandering them to the international community, dividing the Diaspora forces. The foreign radio stations Radio Vatican, the Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, which transmitted Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian broadcasts and were a source of dissident publicity in the West also became the target of the KGB campaigns.  Due to its anti-soviet underlying implication the Diaspora events attracted attention of the KGB and the Party. The latter did their best to undermine them in every possible way by discrediting, slandering and any other means.

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